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Datterode settlers overseas

Datterode people were not always able to live of the proceeds of their fields, so it was either starve or emigrate. Over the centuries, like many other Hessians they found a new home in the east. Around 1840 the great wave of emigration to overseas started. Why did our countrymen, just as the subjects of other German states leave their homeland? There are two important reasons. First, it was the economic hardship, and secondly, the political situation in the Principalities, where freedom and human dignity had been trampled underfoot. The subjects were then fighting in vain for the purpose of living. We remember the revolution of 1848 and the National Assembly in Frankfurt's St Paul's. The dream of freedom was not  fulfilled. Disappointed, many patriots of the old home turned their backs and looked for their future in democratic America.

For quite some time the county of Hessen residents knew of the political and economic conditions in the New World. Hessian soldiers, who remained after the Revolutionary War overseas (see the article to that subject), depicted in rosy colors the living conditions in their new homes in letters to their relatives. We know from many reports of that time that these descriptions  produced a true America fever. The dream of prosperity and freedom was born this way. It is no wonder that today we read in Emigrants lists of friends, familie members, even whole families who sold their possessions and set out on their way into an unknown future. The second reason for emigration was because of economic distress in our villages. Given the meager income of the little arable land to feed on, for small and large families famine was a regular guest at their tables. Additional employment opportunities did not exist. On the contrary, even more was lost when the domestic linen weavery came to a standstill, for  mechanical looms could produce faster and cheaper than humans. The fate of the Silesian weavers was felt in their homes in attenuated form, since many families earned more with weaving than with agriculture. This is expressed by a saying: “In addition to a baking oven nothing feeds as good as a loom.”

In the subsequent period weaving was only done for their own use. The job of a linen weaver disappeared from the Datterode tax records. For comparison with the emigration figures of Datterode I would like to mention those of other places,  regarding the period of 1835-1847:

Datterode
Wanfried
Eschwege
Jestädt
Albungen
Frieda
Reichensachsen
Weißenborn
Niederhone, Heldra and Aue each
Niederdünzebach
52
56
46
35
26
14
49
12
10
22

 

The absolute record of homeland emigrants is held by Blankenbach in the valley of the Ulfe river. In the last half of the 19th Century a total of 79 people left. However, approximately 265 people of Blankenbach left their hometown. This is the largest number unmatched by any other town this size. In the drought year 1847 13 emigrants left Datterode bringing the number to the highest mark.  During the second wave of emigration in 1850-1872 a total of 65 Datterode people (including family members) submitted applications for emigration. Those were distributed to people in small numbers each year except for 1854, when there were 18. All these people hoped in the New World for a better future. It is unknown whether or not they fulfilled their hopes. We know only of a few cases, since contacts to the old country were no longer held. From time to time descedants show up to visit the homeland of their ancestors. The news of a letter arriving from America in Datterode, spread like wildfire through the village. The content read of joy and sorrow, successes and painful losses, of  hard living conditions to built a new life. Each letter expressed how much the emigrant craved for the old country. Even after many years the homesickness was mentioned in their writings.

The following table lists the names of the above-mentioned emigrants from the mid-19th Century that left Datterode:

Bettenhaus, Jakob, *30.08.1808 with wife Caroline, *20.06.1809, born Köhler; daughter of Dorothea Elisabeth Köhler (see below)

1845

Fischer, Henrich, *28.10.1810 born „in the city of Allendorf“ 

1835 (maybe after the death of his first wife 1851)

Fischer, Johann Henrich, *05.12.1815 with 2. wife, Barbara Juliane, *11.09.1815, born Löber and children: Friedrich Henrich, Christine Elisabeth, Barbara Juliane

1846

Jacob, Simon, *23.04.1790 in Grandenborn, with his 2. wife, Dorothea Elisabeth, *06.03.1806, nee Köhler and the children: Johannes, Katharina Elisabeth, Anna Catharina Christina – son Stephan see next

1839

Jacob, Stephan, * 07.12.1814 in Krauthausen (?), son of Simon Jacob, with wife Christina Elisabeth, *27.04.1807, born Köhler and the children Anna Elisabeth, Johannes Jacob, Heinrich

1845

Köhler, Dorothea Elisabeth, *30.01.1779; nee Vogler, widow of Johann Georg Köhler with four of eleven children: Jacob, Dorothea Elisabeth, Christina

1840 (estimated)

Köhler, Jakob, *06.05.1804, with wife Anna Catharina, *20.12.1805 in Röhrda, born Leinhose and the children: Johann Henrich, Christine, Christine Elisabeth Louise, Johann Christoph, Anne Christine

1847

Lange, Johann Christoph, *07.03.1795, with wife Catharina Elisabeth, *18.12.1795, nee Wieditz, with the children: Dorothea Juliane, Jacob Conrad, Elisabeth

1847

Leinhose, Anna Martha, *13.08.1825

1847 – in Philadelphia, USA, married to shoemaker Zunsius

Möller, Johann Friedrich – application withdrawn

1846

Möller, August Henrich, *05.12.1829

1847 (?)

Möller, Carl August, *25.02.1829

1847

Ronshausen, Johann Werner, *27.06.1810 in Oberdünzebach

1845 – emigranted without wife and children; est. his son Johann Eobald followed in 1854 (see below)

Ronshausen, Conrad, *06.08.1821, with wife Dorothea Juliane, *17.06.1820, nee Lange and one of two sons: Christoph

1846 (application 1845) – arrival 03.08.1846 in Baltimore aboard the vessel „Averon“ from Bremen (departure 04.06.1846), smith; in the transcript mistakenly written with “B”; HVD has contact with a descendant

Schmidt, Johann David, *18.05.1794;
with wife Dorothea Elisabeth, *10.11.1789, nee Beck,  at least with three of four children:
Johann Georg, Dorothea Elisabeth, Dorothea Elisabeth Katharina, (maybe also Eva Elisabeth)

1835 (estimated)

Schmidt, David, *20.09.1815

(after) 1841

Schnitzer, Georg, born in Mitterode, with 2. wife, Martha Elisabeth, *24.03.1806, nee Schneider, and thee children (three other kids had died before): Anna Elisabeth, Margarethe Elisabeth, Anna Maria

1839

Vogeler, Jakob, *03.10.1826

1846

Applications for emigration in the period 1850-1872 were taken from the weekly magazine for the District Administrator, District of Eschwege:

Application date

 

13.05.1851

Jacob Henrich Fischer *18.03.1832, taylor

13.08.1851

Johannes Löber, laborer, *04.01.1816, with wife Christina Elisabeth, *01.06.1811, nee Köhler, and the five children: Johann Jacob, Anna Elisabeth, Christoph, Johann Eobald, Elisabeth

05.09.1853

Catharina Elisabeth Fischer, *18.11.1810, with two of three children: Anna Barbara, Anna Catharina

05.09.1853

Anna Margaretha Fischer, *08.06.1839

23.03.1854

Jacob (Reinhard) Lange, *22.05.1827; in America supposedly married with Dorothea Elisabeth Munck (see below)

12.04.1854

Reinhard Jacob Wieditz, *03.04.1830, miller

20.04.1854

Dorothea Elisabeth Munck, *16.03.1834; in America supposedly married with Jacob Lange (see above)

26.04.1854

Johann Reinhard Krause, *26.02.1835

26.04.1854

Johann Eobald Ronshausen, possibly son of Johann Werner Ronshausen (see above), *27.12.1839

18.05.1854

Johann Christoph Schmidt, *22.10.1812and wife Margarethe Elisabeth, *28.12.1807, nee Hose, widowed Krause with three of four children: Anna Catharina, Catharina Elisabeth, Conrad Carl Julius

17.08.1854

Anna Elisabeth Almerodt, possibly * 28.09.1827 - in 1857 to St. Louis, Missouri with one sister (and her daughter) and one brother; descedants were in Datterode in 2016 - have a look>

31.08.1854

Cyriacus Rößner, *01.02.1813 in Breitau, with wife Anna Barbara, *08.04.1813, nee Fischer, and the three children: Anna Catharina, Peter Heinrich, Johann Jacob

31.08.1854

Dorothea Elisabeth Jacob, possibly *14.04.1824, after her three kids had died

28.09.1854

Anna Catharina Leinhos, *30.10.1839

29.06.1855

David Köhler *24.09.1827 with wife Anna Catharina Elisabeth, *23.08.1828 nee Beck, and the son Heinrich – maybe also with the daughter Catharina

before 1856

Bernhard Loebenstein (Löbenstein); not all emigrants are known from these years, including the result that Bernhard Loebenstein (Löbenstein), *12.07.1836 in Datterode, evidently lived in Missouri in 1856. His son Rudolph became a famous person in the history of Missouri (see  www.suvcwmo.org/commanders1-1889.php ).

24.04.1856

Adam Almerodt, taylor, *28.09.1836 - with his sisters in 1857

30.04.1856

Jacob Sippel, *11.01.1807 – without his wife and the six children; apparently died before 1875 in America

22.05.1856

Anna Catharina Löber, *22.02.1820 (Passport application 31.05.1856)

11.09.1856
Wife: 05.03.1857

Johann Henrich Fischer, *05.12.1815
wife Barbara Juliane, *20.03.1811, nee Löber, and three of five children: Friedrich Henrich, Christine Elisabeth, Barbara Juliane

06.11.1856

Dorothea Elisabeth Almerodt, *10.11.1825, servant (maybe with daughter Anna Elisabeth, * 14.09.1850) with her sister and her brother Adam in 1857 - s . a.

19.05.1859

Martin Almerodt, *23.03.1839 - followed his brother and his two sisters

07.07.1859

Betti Löbenstein (Löwenstein), 20 years of age

17.07.1860

Anna Catharina Leinhose, *26.01.1807, nee Hartung, widow of Johann Christian Leinhose, for sure with two of six children: Anna Catharina, Anna Marie; daughter Anna Martha immegrated in 1847, Anna Catharina 1854 (ee above); also see 25.07.1862

in 1861 or later

Heinrich Eobald Mosebach, *10.04.1843 – still here in 1861 convicted of a criminal case

21.02.1861

Reinhard Vogt, laborer, *21.09.1824 – he emigrated with his wife Eva Elizabeth (33), nee Bachmann, from Lüderbach and children Barbara Elizabeth (8), Henry (6) and George (3) on board the barque "Stella" on May 14, 1861 from Bremen to Baltimore, Maryland, USA, see: http://www.immigrantships.net/v5/1800v5/stella18610514.html

11.04.1861

Frommet Löbenstein, 25 years of age

25.07.1862

Laborer Christian Leinhose’s widow, 53 years – maybe same time as Anna Catharina Leinhose, see 17.07.1860

19.08.1862

Anna Catharina Vogt, *02.04.1822, servant

23.08.1863

Johannes Carl Bierschenk, carpenter, *18.04.1840 – with vessel „Helene“ from Hamburg to Southafrica on 12.09.1863; see: http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/meadows/7589/Names/schiff_19.html

20.10.1868

Reinhard Werner, *14.05.1849, cooper

07.04.1869

Johann Heinrich Hose, maybe *31.12.1850

02.07.1869

Andreas Werner, *18.03.1844

20.01.1871

Johann Peter Conrad Hose, *04.04.1854 - arrived from Bremen in New York on April 15, 1871 with the ship "Rhein"; see: http://immigrantships.net/v7/1800v7/rhein18710415_02.html

22.06.1871

Minke Pfifferling

09.08.1871

Jacob Pfifferling

09.03.1872

Jacob Beck, carpenter, maybe *17.01.1855

26.03.1872

Bernhard Heinrich Fey, miller, *17.02.1853

Even in subsequent years people searched for emigration overseas.Unfortunately there are not many records, only a few traditional-looking statements. Here are the results of our recent investigation:

app. 1880       to 1888

Johann Heinrich Bierschenk, *11.05.1837; subsequently he brought in a total of five crossings his wife Anna Catharina * 29.04.1839, nee Gier, Johann Jacob, Dorothea Juliane Conrad Reinhard, Katharina Dorothea, Johann Carl, Catherine Elizabeth, Martha, Mary Elizabeth and Henry to America; see also „Individual stories "

1883

Friedrich Lange, *01.06.1860; see „Individual stories "; HVD has contact with a descendant in USA

1884

Philipp Jacob, *31.05.1864; HVD has contact with descendants in USA

1884


1855

 

 

Emilie Vogeler, *09.01.1863; on 05.11.1884 with ship "Marsala" from Hamburg to Adelaide, Australia; the descedants try to figure out how and when she came to New Zealand; see "Individual stories"; HVD has contact with descendants in New Zealand;

Anna Sybilla Christina Vogeler, *19.09.1831, on 04.01.1856 with ship"Isabella Hercus" from Lodon to Lyttelton, New Zealand; she married Diedrich Kruse who was also on the ship;

Johann Georg Vogeler (*26.11.1824 in Datterode) immigrated around the middle of 19th century to London; after the death of his first wife during childbirth (kids died aswell) he married again, got a son named Carl and immigrated to New Zealand. Later he went with his family to Canada. He was sponsered by the family of his sister for the immigration to New Zealnd;

Brother Jacob Vogeler immigrated as far as we know to the USA in 1846 (see above). Jacob, Johann Georg und Anna Sybilla Christina Vogeler were oncles and aunt of Emilie Vogeler. Emilie obviously followed oncle and aunt to New Zealnd.

1909

Carl Wieditz, *29.12.1885; see „Individual stories "

nach 1909

Hermann Casper Wieditz; see „Individual stories " 

nach 1909

Katharina Wieditz, in the USA married Stück; see „Individual stories "

For information on these emigrants go to "Individual stories” and read the results accumulated so far.

Dear reader, if you should have more knowledges about other Datterode emigrants, please let us know. We would certainly appreciate the information.

The author had a nice experience several years ago. Through a friend he received a copy of a newspaper clipping which reported, that in a small town in California at midnight the phone rang and the caller, a friend of the woman who phoned, informed her that in a second hand shop he had discovered the emigrant chest of her grandfather. It still bore the inscription "Johannes Bierschenk from Datterode in Hessen Germany". A few hours later, the afore mentioned chest was purchased and now graces the entrance hall of the granddaughter.

To further Jewish emigration of Datterode residents - particularly as a result of Nazi rule – see: Die Datteröder Juden.

Between the two world wars, the Datterode residents Kümmel and Reinhard Hose went to America. They were followed after the Second World War by Miss Martha Sippel. She married a former American soldier. All three "New-Americans" later visited their home village.

Reinhard Hose sent photos from himself to family and friends in Datterode. One of those photos (from San Diego, California) was now found in the photo box of the Fischer family, Harmuthsbach Steeet, Datterode. Reinhard Hose is writing: "To my friend Peter Fischer and family for everlasting memory".

In the last third of the 20th Century, three other women left Datterode for overseas:
Eva Schmidt - to California, USA
Beate Ritz - to California, USA (see http://ehs.ph.ucla.edu/faculty/beate-ritz-md-phd)
Cornelia (Conny) Beck - to Alberta, Canada (see http://www.simplicityphotos.ca/)

In most cases the details where and when many immigrants arrived and settled are not known. Today the traces of Datterode emigrants and their descendants can be retrieved via the Internet. Especially overseas, a growing interest exists fathoming genealogical roots. For that reason contacts to descendants of emigrants from Datterode have been linked to our association.


1 Karl Gier in  „850 Jahre Datterode“, Der Festausschuss Datterode, Verlag Friedrich Gajewski, 1991; expanded to provide additional information and photos by Heimatverein Datterode e. V.