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More About the Jewish History of Datterode

 

Most parts generously translated by Nathan Reiss, Highland Parks, NJ, U. S. A.

1. Cemeteries
Graves in the Jewish cemeteries in Hesse can be researched at http://web.uni-marburg.de/hlgl/lagis/juf_gs.html. The Jewish cemetery of Netra is not yet included, so we will concern ourselves here only with the Jewish cemeteries of Reichensachsen, Hebenshausen, Sontra und Abterode in continuing the inventory of the Jews of Datterode. Aside from the photos of the gravestones, we are also publishing along with them, as far as they are still legible, the German inscriptions and the Hebrew texts (with translation). By using the search term “Datterode” one can find the following information about persons at http://cgi-host.uni-marburg.de/~hlgl/juf/st.cgi?current=0&ex=gs&vs=0&lemma=Datterode&lines=30 (name of the cemetery, grave number, given name, family name, and year of death):

1

Hebenshausen

Grave No. 030

Berend (Bär) Heß 1832

2

Reichensachsen

Grave No. 005

Fromma, Frau des Baruch 1850

3

Reichensachsen

Grave No. 011

Male Heß 1854

4

Reichensachsen

Grave No. 010

Gietel Löwenstein (Löbenstein) 1859

5

Reichensachsen

Grave No. 106

Beschen Heilbrunn 1860

6

Reichensachsen

Grave No. 105

Peschen Löbenstein 1860

7

Reichensachsen

Grave No. 104

Juda Löbenstein 1861

8

Reichensachsen

Grave No. 012

Jettchen Pfifferling 1866

9

Reichensachsen

Grabnr. 083

Baruch Löwenstein 1870

10

Reichensachsen

Grave No. 063

Joseph Pfifferling, wohl um 1870

11

Sontra (old cemetery)

Grave No. 131

Herz Löbenstein 1879

12

Reichensachsen

Grave No. 130

Israel Löbenstein (Löwenstein) 1883

13

Reichensachsen

Grave No. 071

Kallmann Pfifferling 1883

14

Hebenshausen

Grave No. 018

Lehmann Kugelmann 1884

15

Sontra (old cemetery)

Grabnr. 466

Ester Löbenstein 1887

16

Abterode

Grave No. 070

Betti Oppenheim 1889

17

Hebenshausen

Grave No. 153

Gittel Kugelmann 1894

18

Reichensachsen

Grave No. 154

Joseph Löbenstein I. 1905

19

Reichensachsen

Grave No. 465

Gütel Löbenstein 1914

20

Abterode

Grave No. 465

Joseph Moses Oppenheim 1925
und zum Andenken an seinen Sohn Moses 1917

21

Reichensachsen

Grave No. 079

Bernhard Pfifferling 1937

22

Abterode

Grave No. 464

Bertha Oppenheim 1937

 

Gravestones at the cemetery of Reichensachsen can be seen at: Jüdische Gräber.


2.
Pfifferling und Löbenstein
At http://www.alemannia-judaica.de/netra_synagoge.htm there is interesting data to be read pertaining to the Jewish residents of Datterode (and within its administrative district of Ringgau). Happily, our site’s Webmaster also linked our site to Jewish history and placed photos on it from the local community association.

Thankfully, we were allowed to present some articles: 

Upon the death of Mrs. Henriette (wife of Baruch) Pfifferling (*04.06.1848) in Datterode (01.04.1915). An article in the newspaper "Der Israelit" from 15. April 1915:



Datterode, 11. April (1915). On one of the intermediate days of the Passover festival (at the beginning of April 1915), Mrs. Baruch P f i f f e r l i n g, the oldest woman in our community, died suddenly and unexpectedly after a short illness. The departed was a valiant woman in the finest meaning of the word, and produced within her family group persons of wisdom and piety in the spirit of our Torah. The funeral, in which not only all members of the town’s Jewish community and those of neighboring communities, but also non-Jewish residents participated, provided eloquent testimony of the love that the deceased had enjoyed from those who knew her. At the bier, Teacher Pfifferling of Aurich, currently recovering from wounds in Hildesheim, a son of the deceased, spoke emotional words of farewell on behalf of the family. Let her soul be entered into the Book of Life.

Notice by the cattle dealer Baruch Pfifferling of Datterode (1891) in the newspaper "Der Israelit" of 7. May 1891:


 
 
 

“I am seeking an apprentice position for my son, age 15 years, with a butcher, or possibly with a shoemaker.
Baruch Pfifferling,
Cattle dealerin Datterode (Hessen).”

 
Notice by the cattle dealer Josef Löbenstein II of Datterode (1901) in the newspaper "Der Israelit" of 25. February 1901:


 
 
 

“I am searching for a vigorous young man to soon enter my cattle dealing business
Josef Löbenstein II.,
Datterode, near Hoheneiche,
District of Kassel.”

Notice in the newspaper "Der Israelit"of 25. Mai 1903:

For our manufactory-
and farmproduct shop,
closed Schabbos and Jomtof,
we are searching a military service free,
y o u n g  m a n,
who worked in the manufactory business
and has to do travelling overland.
Offers with sallary wish to
Bros. Löbenstein.
Datterode, Bez. Kassel

Operator of this business were the brothers Markus (?) and Herz Löbenstein (II), whose wife's first name was Fanny. Her house was previously House No. 82 (see "On the Jewish history in Datterode"). The future residents to the present time by the way were nicknamed Fanny or Fannys!

The Jewish inhabitants were living in the village at that time integrated with all the rights and obligations. Of course, they performed military service. Cattle dealer Joseph Löbenstein (see also No. 4) as the last veteran of the German-Danish War 1848/49 was burried 1918by the war and military organization of Datterode. His sons, Max and Baruch served in the 1st World War as well as Ohmi Dreyfuss, Albert Pfifferling and Baruch Löbenstein, son of Herz, who was awarded with the Iron Cross second Class. In the 25-year anniversary of the war and military organization in 1913 some of them are presented on the group photo:


                                                 
                                Baruch Löbenstein             Joseph Löbenstein              Baruch Löbenstein, son of Herz

In the photo of the maids of honor at the anniversary of the Veterans and Military club also Jenny Löbenstein:



Jenny Löbenstein

Also in 1913 the volunteer fire department Datterode was photographed:



Among the firefighters: Albert Pfifferling

All the more shocking and sobering, a publication in the journal "Der Israelit" of 1. January 1891 expresses a partly latent anti-Semitism in Datterode:

Analogous translation:
"In Datterode village in the district of Eschwege in which the few Jewish families lived in perfect agreement with the other villagers they recently found the infamous "Fritsch and Werner" leaflets glued. Mrs. P. removed such a poster from a telegraph pole. Next morning at the same place they found a paper in the following words to notice: “Warning! If the old P. will again remove our leaflets so she should be hung there by the hair!!! So you Christians be on guard, help suppress them. We will soon release the riffraff. Do you see that one of these people wants to work? All want to be fed by us Christians, these people of the desert. For the peasants it would be much better if these desert people were not here. The farmer sows and the desert people harvest. It’s the same with the cattle. Our poor Christian people feeding the animals and the desert people drive it to the market. So this cannot go on like this. In twenty years the Christians will be the slaves of the Jews”. But these anti-Semies are nice people!"

A justification for this anti-Semitism in the village may be that the avowed anti-Semite Otto Böckel (http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_B%C3%B6cke) successfully moved as an agitator on the north Hessian villages. He was elected at the general election in 1887 as deputy of the government district of Kassel in the Reichstag (http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reichstagswahl_1887). In the general election 1890 the anti-Semitic party of the governmental district of Kassel even got three seats (http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reichstagswahl_1890#Kleinstaaten).


3. From Julius Pfifferling to Gary Samenfeld

At http://garysam.typepad.com/photos/more_pictures_from_german/scan0002_2.html, we found a photo that was taken in the year 1969 in Datterode, as seen from the direction of the Weinberg.

It shows Hilda Frank, née. Pfifferling, and her sister. Hilda's father, Albert Pfifferling, was a first cousin of Karl Pfifferling, grandfather of Gary Samenfeld (Greenville, South Carolina,  U.S.A.). They aare shown with Christine Ronshausen (+), wife of Adam Ronshausen (+) from Datterode, searching for traces of their ancestors during a visit to our town in 1969. The Pfifferling and Ronshausen families were neighbors and had enjoyed a good relationship that reawakened after the Nazi tyranny. See http://www.heimatverein-datterode.de/de/unser-dorf/die-datteroeder-juden/juedisches-leben-im-dorf. His grandfather, Karl Pfifferling, born on 6 September 1888 in Halle/Saale, was a cattle dealer, a son of (Sander) Julius Pfifferling, who, in turn, was one of 13 children from the Pfifferling house in Datterode (today occupied by the Dilling family, Brunnenstraße 24, (see http://www.heimatverein-datterode.de/juden_geschichte.html). This was made apparent to the descendants, in that the building is still known as “the 13-children house”. Julius (Sander) seems to have then moved to Wanfried. His son Josef (known sa Julius) was born there. From there, the family moved to Halle an der Saale, where Karl Pfifferling was born. Regarding the history of his grandfather, Mr. Samenfeld’s home page includes many very interesting details. Particularly impressive is the chronicle of how Karl Pfifferling came to Buchenwald Concentration Camp, was set free and could immigrate. Regarding this, see also: http://www.gedenkbuch.halle.de/gbdatensatz.php?num=102. Here one will find the history of Josef Pfifferling (also known as Julius), born 21. June 1883 in Wanfried, the brother of Gary Samenfeld’s grandfather, who was murdered.

For Hilde Frank, née Pfifferling, you can find in the US-newspaper of Jewish immigrants „Aufbau“ of 18. August 1944 the following notice:


(Source: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~alcalz/aufbau/1944/1944pdf/j10a33s22.pdf)

In the autograph album of the neighbor Erna Roth, Ilse and Hilde Pfifferling had immortalized themselves as friend or classmate in 1925:



 

4. The Löbenstein siblings - children of Joseph
Joseph Löbenstein
(*17.11.1856 – 20.03.1918 in Datterode) married on 08.05.1890 in Datterode to Emma Esther, née Wolf (*10.04.1865 in Nesselröden – +10.06.1906 in Datterode). They had six children:

Baruch
Löbenstein
(*05.07.1891 in Datterode – +01.06.1964 in New York), cattle dealer, married on 14.01.1920 in Eschwege to Rahel, née Bacharach (*27.02.1899 in Eschwege – 01.05.1970 in New York). On 03.07.1922 the family moved to Eschwege at Goldbachstraße 3. The couple had three children:
Ester
(*07.03.1921 in Eschwege) lived from 28.04.1935 until 06.01.1938 in Köln.
Ruth (*09.03.1922 in Eschwege) lived from 11.10.1937 until 02.01.1938 in Siegburg.
Hanna (*14.06.1923 in Eschwege) lived from 05.04.1937 until 03.01.1938 in Hanburg and Euskirchen.

The entire family departed on 06.02.1938 for New York, at 536 W. 113 St. There they used the name “Lobenstein”.

Max Löbenstein (*18.06.1892 in Datterode – +30.09.1972 in Cumberland, New Jersey), a cattle dealer, married on 01.06.1920 in Ermershausen to Julie, née Fichtelberger (*22.02.1893 in Ermershausen). After his marriage he moved to his wife’s town. On 07.09.1923 they moved from Datterode to his brother in Eschwege at Goldbachstraße 3.


Max, Julie and Frieda Löbenstein

Max emigrated on 29.03.1939 to Havana, Cuba. His wife departed with their son on 17.03.1941 to New York. She took her son Michael (*17.08.1931 in Eschwege) along. Her son Josef (*31.07.1925 in Eschwege) followed on 10.04.1941. Her oldest daughter Emmi (*04.08.1921 in Datterode) moved with her parents to Eschwege. From 02.10 until 17.12.1937 she found herself in Frankfurt am Main, at Wöhlerstraße 6. Already on 20.02.1938 she emigrated to New York, at 583 West End Ave. Her daughter Frieda (*02.10.1923 in Eschwege) was from 02.05.1938 until 06.06.1939 an apprentice housekeeper with Teacher Neumann, who lived at Schulstraße 3, Eschwege. Thereafter she returned for a short time to Goldbachstraße 3, before departing on 13.07.1939 for Frankfurt am Main, at Uhlandstraße 57. She emigrated aswell. Frieda was married and had the family name Glück, which became “Gluck”. The family was reunited in the U.S.A. after Max came there from Cuba.

In 2010  stepson of Frieda, Rabbi Edgar Gluck (his mother died when Mr. Gluck was very young and his father married Frieda) visited our town and was welcomed by the civic organization (see http://www.heimatverein-datterode.de/de/archiv/veranstaltungsarchiv/veranstaltungsarchiv-2010/61-rabbiner-aus-brooklyn-auf-stippvisite). Rabbi Gluck related that the father of his stepmother, in due course, was able to bring his motorbike with him, with which he used to carry out his business in his home town of Datterode. Nevertheless, he had to leave it behind at the Port of Havana because of the high import tax. Understandably, that was nothing in comparison to what he had endured in Germany earlier. They were all only fortunate that the family was able to plan in a timely way to avoid the Nazi terror, and that the family members were able to find one another again. We, with our home ass. was eventually able to make contact with Josef Loebenstein. He lives in Vineland, New Jersey. In 1939-1940 he was employed by the Karl Wolf roofing material firm in Eschwege, at Neustadt 100, which was operated by the widow Anna Wolf. From 1940-1941 he was a forced laborer at “Ost GmbH” in Eschwege (see http://zinelibrary.info/files/NS-Zwangsarbeit.pdf) at the former “Weinstein Gut”, Cäcilienhof (airport), on Niederhoner Straße. There they produced electric heaters for bomb shelters. Michael Loebenstein, who lives in Monsey, New York, last visited his former hometown in 2007, accompanied by his daughter and son-in-law. Naturally they visited the graves of their ancestors at the Jewish cemetery in Netra, and the house of his father and grandfather in Datterode (Alte Str. 3). In Eschwege they also visited the local archives, with the intention of obtaining information about their family’s history. The civic organization was also able to establish contact with him. We got the following photos:

 
Michael Loebenstein in front of the house of his ancestors in Datterode; right at the municipal archives of Eschwegewith daughter Eve and son-in-law Larry (Photos from Michael Loebenstein)

The sister of Max and Baruch, Sally (* 07.22.1893), died on 18.12.1893 in Datterode already. Also brother Adolph (* 10.28.1894) on 11.10.1901 died in infancy in Datterode. Sister Jettchen (* 06.01.1896 in Datterode) married in Abterode, later went to Israel, where she died (not further known).

Brother Julius (* 26.10.1899 in Datterode) lived up to the present findings in 1939 with his family in Hanover. His son, Joe (Joseph) Lobenstein (spelling of the family today), born on 27.04.1927 in Hannover, reported under http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/germany/3416004/Kristallnacht-Still-an-unforgettable-nightmare-70-years-on.html  how the family fared in Hanover in the late 1930s. After the so-called "Kristallnacht", his father was taken to a concentration camp. With much difficulty he succeeded his mother to get him back out. It was for the family then like a miracle when she got an exit visa for England and there on the 9th of May 1939. Joe Lobenstein was for many years mayor of Hackney, Greater London and has been twice at Datterodend and at the tombs of the ancestors. In 1998, the then Chief Administrative Officer of the district of Göttingen, Dr. Alexander Engelhardt (+2006), who accompanied him and his wife to the places of their ancestors. In the courtyard of the house of the ancestors, he turned to the camera crew:

Left: (f. l. t. r.) Martha Hausberg, Bella Lobenstein, Joe Lobenstein (+ 2015), Siegfried Hausberg (+), Dr. Karl Kollmann (municipal archives of Eschwege), Mrs Lieselotte Martini (HVD), Karl and Elisabeth Beck (HVD); right : Joe Lobenstein with the mayor of the community of Herleshausen, Helmut Schmidt, on the Jewish cemetery of Nesselröden (graves of the family of the garndmother of Joe Lobenstein).

5. Dr. Siegmund Löbenstein - son of Herz
On 14.03.1833 in Datterode, Siegmund Löbenstein saw the light of the world as the second of four known children of Herz Löbenstein (*04.11.1857 in Datterode - +25.06.1914 in Datterode) and Bertha, née Goldschmidt (*22.03.1857 in Erdmannrode, Altkreis Hünfeld - +24.10.1941 in Eschwege). He married Louise Karoline Strobel (*12.12.1899). From this marriage came forth daughters Margot (*23.08.1922) und Helga (*18.08.1927). Whether and how the family survived the shocking period of Nazi terror is not known. Siegmund Löbenstein, however, studied law and graduated. Then, from the history of the Attorneys’ Association of Herne (http://www.herner-anwaltverein.de/herner_anwaltverein.php) we find that in 1911 he received his license to practice law, and was among the first in Herne. In 1928-1929 he was a member of the City Council of Herne, as a delegate of the SPD party (http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/Mitglieder_der_Stadtverordnetenversammlung_der_Stadt_Herne). In mid-1933, according to this source, he had to turn in his license. According to research by Mr. York-Egbert König of the Eschwege Municipal Archive, Dr. Siegmund Löbenstein died on 11 May 1959 in Bonn. We find few traces of his daughter Helga, who attended the Höhere Mädchenschule (Girls’ High School) in Recklinghausen (known as Städtisches Lyzeums after 1916, Oberlyzeum after 1918, Oberschule für Mädchen after 1937),now the Marie-Curie-Gymnasium (http://www.re.shuttle.de/re/mcg/schule/geschi.htm)[1].

A visitor from the city of Bonn brought some more details to the family history in 2015. Please, have a look at this report> (sorry, only in German).

Regarding the fate of Siegmund’s brother Baruch (*14.09.1881 in Datterode), his mother Bertha and his sister Rosa (*15.10.1885 in Datterode), who was married to Jofried Freund, (*31.07.1879 in Fulda; children: Reche, *31.Juli1909 and Bella, *29.12.1910), see “Let us not forget”. Regarding his brother Julius (*29.07.1884 in Datterode), nothing further is known. He should have been immigrated to the USA.

6. Julius Pfifferling - son of Albert
It was known that Julius Pfifferling emigrated to South America in 1939. He is supposed to have continued through Argentina to Chile. In the search for him, in 2008 we found on the Internet a listing for an Alberto Pfifferling in a golf club in Santiago, Chile. Because the father of Julius was named Albert, we made the obvious assumption that he possibly was a grandson, named after his grandfather, Alberto in Spanish. Without hesitation, we wrote to the golf club, and about two days later we received an email indicating that Alberto Pfifferling is indeed the son of Julius Pfifferling. Alberto Pfifferling was born in Chile in 1942. His father Julius died in 1990. Alberto is married, and has two children and three grandchildren. In the meantime we are also in contact with the son of Alberto namend Gonzalo.

8. The synagogue in Netra and the "Jewish School" in Datterode
The Jews of Datterode belonged to the synagogues community in Netra. The synagogue and the prayer room was probably built at the beginning of the 19th Century. It was a half-timbered building with a courtyard building at No. 19 Brauereistraße in Netra. Details about the appearance of the building are not known. After the dissolution of the Jewish community (in the period 1933-1938), the synagogue building was used as stables and barn. 1971 the owner had torn down the building due to the dilapidated condition.  Until recently, the woman synagogue inside was still visible and also the place where the shrine of the Tora was located before. In place of the former synagogue a garage was created[2].

A special reference to the synagogue is in the Jewish Museum Berlin (http://www.jmberlin.de/). There for many years a cult object is stored. It is a Besamimbüchse (have a look at Besamin-Büchse). This Jewish cult object is a spice container, to smell at the end of the Sabbath at the Havdalah ritual to get something from the special taste of the feast day of taking in everyday life. The type of spices is not fixed. Myrtle leaves are popular in allusion to Isaiah 55.13: “Instead grow thorns cypress, myrtle instead of stinging nettles (see http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Besamimb%C3%BCchse).

The Heimatverein Datterode e. V. could help the curator in Berlin, Mrs. Michal Friedlander, to find tracks to the founders. Moritz Loewenstein from Netra, who had fallen in 1917 as a soldier in the first World War, had sponsored the tin to the synagogue in 1912. His descendants visited his grave in 2010 and, moreover, the former home which had stood on the synagogue's courtyard. The HVD accompanied the visitors and learned much about the family history (see Event Archive 2010).


The Besamimbüchse founded 1912 founded by Moritz Loewenstein in the Jewish Museum Berlin;
photo kindly provided by Mrs. Michal Friedlander, Jewish Museum Berlin.

Also in Datterode was a prayer room (Leipziger Str 45) existing. In a purchase agreement of 1925 a building is named as a "Jewish school" (cf. "On the Jewish history in Datterode"), so a house with a room for prayer and worship, possibly meant for the education of the children. As the number of Jewish men did not always sufficient for achieving the Minyan, sometimes even certain non-Jewish men were - according to the memory of villagers - invited to worship.


The house Leipziger Str 45, the “Jewish school”,  in the early 1960s;
in this house - to the memory of villagers - once the deaf Josef Stern also had lived. He was forced to move to another building when the owner Löbenstein sold the house.

[1] York-Egbert König and Dr. Karl Kollmann – „Lawyers without law" - On the fate of Jewish lawyers in Werra-country" in „Das Werraland“ 2011
[2] Source: http://www.alemannia-judaica.de/netra_synagoge.htm
 

Who ever will "stomple" on this page and has more information, please, contact!