Let us not Forget
Among the roster of Holocaust victims in the Federal Archive, we find the following Jews of Datterode (http://www.bundesarchiv.de/gedenkbuch/directory.html#frmResults) and at Yad Vashem (http://www.yadvashem.org/wps/portal/!ut/p/_s.7_0_A/7_0_2KE?last_name=&first_name=&location=Datterode&next_form=results):
Formann, Frieda, née Stern (*23.07.1908 in Datterode), – residing in Frankfurt am Main.
Deported from Frankfurt am Main on11./12.11.1941 to the Ghetto of Minsk together with her husband David (*20.07.1906 in Frankfurt am Main) and their son Egon (*28.03.1934 in Frankfurt am Main).
Freund, Rosa, née Löbenstein (*15.10.1885 in Datterode), – residing in Eschwege.
Schwester of Baruch (see below); deported from Kassel on 09.12.1941 to the Ghetto of Riga.
Rosa Freund, née Löbenstein
Frießner, Berta, née Pfifferling(*12.08.1897 in Datterode), – residing in Ermershausen.
Deported 1942 to Izbica, Ghetto. Her husband Josef (*06.07.1889 in Ermershausen) and the two sons Max (*20.01.1928 in Ermershausen) and Karl (*04.04.1930 in Ermershausen) were deported on 25.04.1942 from Würzburg to the Ghetto of Krasnystaw. They were murdered in the extermination camp of Sobibor.
Berta Frießner, née Pfifferling
Hefter, Lina, née Pfifferling (*25.10.1857 in Datterode), – residing in Hamburg.
Deported from Hamburg via Kiel on 19.07.1942 to Theresienstadt, Ghetto. She died there on 20.02.1943.
Lina Hefter, née Pfifferling
Löbenstein, Baruch (*14.09.1881 in Datterode)
A merchant, married on 25.07.1912 in Fulda to Helene (*11.01.1890 in Schlitz), née Gottlieb. On 15.02.1929. The family relocated from Datterode to Eschwege, on Friedrich-Wilhelm-Str. 14. On 08.12.1941, the parents with their daughter Margot (*06.08.1923 in Datterode) were “resettled to the East“, that is, deported to Riga. On 01.10.1944, Helene was transferred to Stutthof near Danzig and perished there on 20.11.1944. The fate of her husband is unknown. Her first-born daughter Bella (*23.09.1914 in Datterode) is already mentioned on 02.06.1926 as a student on the Schulstraße in Eschwege, before her parents came to Eschwege. On 15.02.1929 she moved with them to Friedrich-Wilhelm-Straße 14. From 15.10.1933 until 11.04.1935 she lived in Straßburg, on Rue du General Castelmann, and then returned to Eschwege for a short time. On 15.09.1935 she departed for Enschede, Holland. Subsequently, from 25.04. until 06.10.1938 Margot was in Wolfratshausen, and from 03.06. until 01.11.1940 in Gehringshof near Fulda, and thereafter she returned again to Eschwege, before she was deported, together with her parents. She does not appear on the list of victims, so there is a possibility that she survived the Holocaust.
Baruch Löbenstein and his wife Helene, née Gottlieb
"Saved to Sweden
The following list contains the names of 169 German Jews, who were brought at the end of April from the "labor camp" Hassee (cf. http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arbeitserziehungslager_Nordmark) from Kiel to Sweden. This was a last-minute rescue as a result of a conversation, the representative of the Stockholm World Jewish Congress, Norbert Masur, on April 20th had had with Himmler in Rheinsberg, near Berlin about "Aufbau" have had reported before.
The Jews had a time of suffering for more than three years. In December 1941 and January 1942 they were deported from Germany to Riga. In late September 1944 they were brought to Libau and early February 1945 to the Hamburg prison Fuhlsbüttel. In early April, they then had to march to Kiel - 86 Km away.
All of these refugees can be reached using the address "Flyklingslagret, Smalandsstenar, Sweden" by letter (including airmail). Behind the family name of the series follows the first name and for women Theier maiden name, birth date and hometown."
As one of the saved set: Löbenstein, Margot, 6.8.1923, Eschwege
"North of Berlin on Hartzwalde Estate on April 20th Dr. Felix Kersten, the Finnish physical therapist of Heinrich Himmler, meets Norbert Masur, the Swedish representative of the World Jewish Congress. They met first the SS General Schellenberg and later Himmler to negotiate the release of Jewish concentration camp prisoners. Himmler secretly investigated for some time contact with the Western Allies, and he wants them to offer a partial surrender of the German Reich. The concentration camp prisoners to serve him as a pawn." Source: http://www.berlinonline.de/berliner-zeitung/archiv/.bin/dump.fcgi/2005/0420/seite1/0058/index.html
Margot Löbenstein owed her life because of Himmler's secret contact with the Western Allies! The day on which Berlin saw the last air raid of the Second Worldwar and the last birthday of Adolf Hitler (!).
Margot searched for relatives. In a search display in the "Aufbau" of 6/29/1945 she is looking for Dr. Leo Gottlieb, Brooklyn, NY. Because her mother's maiden name was Gottlieb, it was a relative who, so far we found out, fled to the U.S. in 1938 and practiced as a medical doctor in Brooklyn. Thanks to the efforts of Michael Loebenstein (see "More About the Jewish History of Datterode") of 2011 we now know that Margot went to South America, married Mr. Mezger and has two daughters and several grandchildren. She lived most recently in Buenos Aires, Argentina, where she died on August 6, 2015 on her 92nd birthday. Shortly before her death she told her children about the incredible events. With Margot Mezger-Löbenstein the last born Jewess of Datterode had died.
The mother of Baruch Löbenstein, Bertha, née Goldschmidt (*22.03.1857 in Erdmannrode, formerly District of Hünfeld – +24.10.1941 in Eschwege), widow of Herz Löbenstein (*04.11.1857 in Datterode - +25.06.1914 in Datterode) relocated on 02.03.1929 from Datterode to Eschwege, at first at Königstraße 1, and on 28.05.1930 to her son’s family at Friedrich-Wilhelm-Straße 14. She died on 24.10.1941 and thereby escaped deportation. Until her death, she was cared for by the widow Babette Werthan (* 22.06.1861 in Trabelsdorf), who herself in 1942 became a victim of the Nazis (07.09.1942, Theresienstadt, Ghetto - 29.09.1942, Treblinka, Death Camp).1
Bertah Löbenstein, née Goldschmidt
Löbenstein, Julius (*06.07.1893 in Sontra) was the son of merchant Moritz Löbenstein from Datterode (*17.07.1860 in Datterode - +01.12.1937 in Eschwege). His mother was Emma, née Klebe (*20.12.1865 in Nesselröden, now the community of Herleshausen, Werra-Meißner District - +01.02.1930 in Eschwege). The family relocated on 24.08.1904 from Sontra to Eschwege, and for a long time lived in the house at Stad 44. After the death of his wife, Moritz moved on 20.04.1931 to Niederhoner Straße 6. Julius departed on 20.04.1909 to Ballenstedt (today Stadt Ballenstedt am Harz, Sachsen-Anhalt). On 21.01.1914 he moved back from Varel (today Friesland District, Niedersachsen) to Eschwege, and again lived in his parents’ house, and therefore also moved to Niederhoner Straße 6. His wife Johanna, née Löwenstein (*30.08.1897 in Diemerode) followed him on 31.05.1933. On 20.01.1939, Julius and Johanna emigrated with their son Eli Salomon (*15.02.1934 in Eschwege) to New York, 220 Audubon Ave. It was known to Julius‘ brother and his sister that his sister Minna (*29.04.1896 in Sontra) lived from 01.11.1916 until 28.12.1920 in Brückenau (today Bad Brückenau, Bayern) and that on 11.02.1921 she married the merchant Felix Freund from Frankfurt am Main. On 25.05.1921 she moved to Frankfurt to Kantstraße 4. Nothing more is known about her fate. Julius‘ sister Frieda (*29.04.1896 in Sontra) was from 23.08.1913 until 07.01.1914 in Hamburg, and from 20.10.1918 until 08.08.1919 in Nürnberg, and afterward again with her parents. On 24.04.1933 she married the merchant Salli Lewin from Berlin, and on the same day she departed for Berlin NW 40 at Kirchstraße 8. On 04.03.1943 she, together with her husband, were deported to Auschwitz. Julius‘ brother Arthur (*01.01.1901 in Sontra) from 1919 until 1921 studied medicine in Göttingen and Würzburg, as well as Marburg, and resided in Berlin from 21.10.1921 until 25.03.1926. On 30.04.1926 he made his final move to Berlin N 4, Eichendorffstraße 21. On 19.10.1942 he was deported to Riga, and on 22.10.1942 he was already killed.1
Julius Löbenstein - on the right as soldier in World War I
Löbenstein, Ruben (*07.03.1865 in Datterode)
He was a cattle dealer. His first marriage was to Rosa, née Linz (*05.02.1871 in Rotenburg - +13.02.1923 in Eschwege); and on 01.02.1924 in Eschwege he married Rosalie (Rosa), née Jacobson (*30.04.1875 in Zerbst). On 18.12.1917, Ruben Löbenstein relocated from Wanfried to Eschwege on Friedrich-Wilhelm-Straße 23, which was joined with the house on Sedanstraße 4. On 01.01.1927 the couple moved to Bahnhofstraße 20 and on 01.11.1930 to the address Am Bahnhof 11. On 15.05.1935 another move followed, this time to Forstgasse 13 (then „Horst-Wessel-Straße“). On 04.01.1939 both of them were forcibly moved to Friedrich-Wilhelm-Straße 14 und finally on 08.01.1942 to Schulstraße 3. On 06.09.1942, they were moved from there to „an unknown location“, that is, deported, undoubtedly first to Theresienstadt, then on 29.09.1942 to Treblinka.1
Ruben Löbenstein and his wife Rosa
Maier, Erich (*11.04.1934 in Ulmet)
Maier, Frieda, née Pfifferling (*15.02.1901 in Datterode)
Maier, Julius (*14.05.1905 in Ulmet)
The research has revealed that he was one of four children of Emanuel Maier and his wife Johanna née Rothschild. His mother died already on 13.08.1918, and his father drowned himself on 06.10.1923 in the Glan River. In 1938 he sold his parent’s house on behalf of his siblings, for 2,800 Reichsmark (after 1945 the buyers were required, as a result of a court decision, to pay an additional 600 Deutschmark.). All the siblings and he himself already left Ulmet before 1939. Julius married Frieda, née Pfifferling, from Datterode und moved in our town. Their son Erich was born in Ulmet on 11.04.1934 (he must have been given a second given name Emanuel, in that he is listed with the second given name and the same birth date as a Holocaust victim in the list of victims at Yad Vashem - see below). In 1942 Julius Maier was, according to eye-witnesses in Datterode, taken into custody from his workplace in the sugar factory in Obernjesa (today the community of Rosdorf, Göttingen District). The family is classified as having disappeared, and in the case of Frieda, with the addendum „in Poland“.
Frieda Maier, née Pfifferling
Pfifferling, Alexander (*17.05.1878 in Datterode) – residing in Dresden
He was deported to an unknown place in August 1942 (presumably Theresienstadt – cf. http://www.bundesarchiv.de/gedenkbuch/chronicles.html.de?page=1).
His wife Auguste, née Reiss (*08.09.1882 in Ulrichstein, formerly district Schotten), was deported together with her husband in August 1942 to an unknown place.
Pfifferling, Joseph (*11.07.1870 in Datterode) – residing in Datterode
Josef was victim of the "euthanasia" on 01.10.1940 in Brandenburg.
Josef was in-patient of the Landesheilanstalt Haina (psychiatric hospital). Together with 12 other Jewish in-Patients of Haina he was brought (on the basis of an express decree by the Minister of the Interior, Division IV, of 30 August 1940) on 25.09.1940 to the transit camp at Gießener Heil- und Pflegeanstalt (psychiatric medical and nursing home). Alltogether 126 Jewish in-patients from defined psychiatric hospital were gathered. The oldest (female) patient was 79 years old, the youngest were two youths aged 14 or 15 years. After five days and five nights in deplorable circumstances, the patients were moved on 01.10.1940 to the city of Brandenburg near Berlin. There was a "euthanasia" killing center in the "old jail" with a gas chamber at the ground floor (named "bathing room") of 15 square meters to accommodate 20 people each (see http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/NS-T%C3%B6tungsanstalt_Brandenburg). All 126 patients from the Jewish transit camp of Gießen were murdered the same day.
Among the 13 victims of Haina was David Kaschmann from Netra, son of the Jewish elementary school teacher of Netra, Joseph Kaschmann (for David Kaschmann see, "Jewish Life in a Hessian village" - From the memoirs of Louis Rothschild- Erich Schwerdtfeger (Hg.) - ISBN 978-3-8334-6352-5)!
Under the pretext of having a shower before moving into a new building and to control vermin, the patients had to take off their clothes, were examined by doctors on the surface and provided with a number stamped on the skin. When the number of persons was completed in the chamber called "bathing room" with showers on the ceiling, the door was closed and the gas opened. After 15-20 minutes, and a glance through the peephole, that all the people were no longer alive, the bodies were posed by SS-Men, not, without removing the gold teeth of those victims who could be identified because of the previously "medical examination" and numbering. The bodies then were spent the night in a former post office car to the ovens in a fenced building about five miles outside the city and burned.
Information from Mrs. Monica Kingreen, Frankfurt/Main; excerpts from the article by Monica Kingreen: "Jewish patients in the hospital Gießen and their function as "transit camp" in September 1940 ", in: Uta George et al (eds): Psychiatry in Gießen. facets of their history and exclusion from care, research and cure, Historical Series of the State Welfare Association Hesse, Sources and Studies, Volume 9, Gißsen, 2003 - p. 251-289, here p. 271, 276
Pfifferling, Käte (*21.03.1899 in Datterode) – residing in Datterode
Deported from Kassel on 09.12.1941 to the Ghetto of Riga.
Pfifferling, Louis (Levy) (*18.02.1894 in Datterode) – residing in Frankfurt am Main
Deported from Frankfurt a. Main 15.09.1942 to the Ghetto of Theresienstadt and murdered in Ausschwitz on 28.09.1942.
Louis (Levy) Pfifferling
Pfifferling, Salomon (*08.02.1882 in Datterode – +März 1942 in the Ghetto of Riga) – residing Marburg - son of Baruch Pfifferling and his wife Henriette (née Burchardt) – see also at „More about the Jewish history of Datterode“ and http://www.heimatverein-datterode.de/de/archiv/fotoarchiv/category/15-judengraeber – and compare http://www.geschichtswerkstatt-marburg.de/projekte/pfiffe.php):
1903 Solomon passed the teacher exams with success and worked in Leipzig, Lübeck and Aurich. Solomon took part in the First World War and returned back wounded in 1918. Solomon was from 1919 teacher of the Jewish elementary school in Marburg. He was married to Selma, (* 27.05.1881 in Erfurt - + March 1942 in the ghetto of Riga), born Rehbock. The family lived Heusingerstraße 3, Marburg, together with the mother of Selma, the Sophie Rehbock (* 17.1.1855 in Stiebel - +13.06.1937 in Marburg). Daughter Margot (* 08.05.1913 in Aurich) studied dentist, married Mr. Weil and moved to France in 1933 where she survived. Solomon and Selma were depoted on 09.12.1941 to Riga.
Margot Pfifferling married Raymond Weil in France. She survived with her family war and thereign of terror and in 2013 she celebrated her 100th birthday in good health. She also received visitors from her town of birth, recently in 2015. The Aurich workgroup "Stolpersteine" does exemplary work. For this and for the visits of Margot Pfifferling-Weil see>
Pfifferling, Sara (*30.06.1888 in Datterode) – residing in Kassel.
Sister of Salomon; deported on 09.12.1941 to Riga.
Deported to the eximination camp Auschwitz.
Friederike Stern, née Pfifferling
From this one can and should glean the individual persons’ fates!
Today the combined community of Altenglan in the Kusel District, Rheinland-Pfalz.
Compare with „Zur jüdischen Geschichte von Ulmet“, Extracts from a work by Herr Klaus Jung, Head of the Heimatverein Ulmet e. V.